Chemicals Main Page + other materials

 

20 Mule Team Borax 

Absorbent Earth 

Acacia  

Acanthite (Silver sulfide) 

Acesunt 

Acetic acid 

Acetic ether (Ethyl acetate) (CH3CO2C2H5)

Acetone ((CH3)2CO)

Acetous Acid 

Acetum 

Acetylene (C2H2)

Acetylsalicylic acid (CH3COOC6H4COOH) (Aspirin) 

Acid (A substance that yields hydrogen ions) 17thHC&P

Acid Air 

Acid of Amber (Succine Acid) 

Acid of Ants (Formic Acid) 

Acid of Apples (Malic acid) (C4H6O5)

Acid of Arsenic (Arsenic Acid) (H3AsO4)

Acid of Barberry (Malic acid?) 

Acid of Benzoin (Benzoic acid) (C6H5COOH)

Acid of Borax (Boric acid) (H3BO3)

Acid of Burning Sulphur (Sulfurous acid) (H2SO3)

Acid of Flour Spar (Hydrofluoric acid)

Acid of Lemons (Citric acid) (C6H8O7)

Acid of Milk (Lactic acid) (C3H8O3)

Acid of Milk Sugar (Mucic acid) 

Acid of Molybdaena (Molybdic acid) (H2MoO4)

Acid of Nitre (Nitric acid) (HNO3)

Acid of Phosphorus (Phosphoric acid) (H3PO4) 

Acid of Salt (Hydrochloric acid) (HCl)

Acid of Sea Salt

Acid of Sorrel (Oxalic acid)

Acid of sugar (Oxalic acid) ((CO2H)2)

Acid of Tamarinds (Tartaric acid) (C4H6O6)

Acid of Tartar (Tartaric acid)

Acid of Urine (Phosphoric acid) (H3PO4)

Acid of Vinegar (Acetic acid)

Acid of Vitriol (Sulfuric acid) (H2SO4) 

Acidium Aereum (Carbon dioxide) (CO2)

Acidium Pinque (An hypothesized fatty acid by J. F. Meyer ???)

Acidium Sacchari (Oxalic acid)

Acid Vitriolated Tartar (Potassium hydrogen sulphate) (KHSO4)

Actinium (Element #89) 

Aduration (A union of or a combination into one)

Ad Siccum (to dry something as in evaporation) 

 

Aer Hepaticus (Hydrogen Sulfide) (H2S)

Aer Urinosum (Ammonia) (NH3)

Aerated alkali (Any alkali compound)

Aerated Lime (Calcium carbonate)

Aerated water (Water containing dissolved CO2)

Aerial Acid (CO2

Aeruca (Rust of copper)

Aerugo (Rust of copper)

Aes Cyprium (Cyprian Brass or Copper)

Aethiops Mercuriales (Black Mercuric Sulphide) (H2S)

Aethiops Mineralis (Black Mercuric Sulphide) (H2S)

Ag  

AgNO3 (Silver nitrate) (Lunar caustic)

Agate 

Air (Once meant any substance in a gaseous state ot that could not be liquefied by cold)

Air, Dephlogisticated (O2)

Air, Fixed (CO2)

Air, Hepatic (H2S)

Air, Inflammable (H2)

Air, Marine acid (HCl)

Air Phlogisticated (N2)

Air, Vital (O2)

Air of Flour Spar (HF)

Air of Vitriol (Sulphur dioxide) (SO2)?

Ajinomoto (Sodium d-glutamate)

Al (Aluminum) (Element #13)

AL2O3 (Alumina) (Aluminum oxide)

Alabamine 

Alabandite (Magnesium sulfide (ous))

Alabaster 

Alabaster carbonate

Alabaster sulfate 

Alamosite (Lead metasilicate)

Alaunerde (Alumina) (Al2O3)

Albite (Na2Al2Si6O16)

Alcohol (Usually means spirit of wine) (C2H5OH)

Alcohol Sulphuris (Carbon Disulfide) (CS2) (Not an alcohol at all)

Aldehyde (Acetaldehyde) (CH3CHO)

Alembic (A distillation apparatus)

Alexipharmic (Remedy or prevention for poison) 

Algaroth, Powder of (Antimony Oxychloride) 

Alicant Kelp (Crude Sodium Carbonate) (Na2CO3)

Alizarin, black (A black dye) (C14H6O4)?

Alizarin, blue (Anthracene blue) (C17H9O4)?

Alizarin, red (A red dye) (NaC14H7O7S) ?

Alizarine orange 

Alkahest (Once considered by Paracelsus to be a universal solvent)

Alkahest Glauber (K2CO3)

Alkahest of Reapour (K2CO3)

Alkahest of Van Helmot (K2CO3)

Alkalescent (Any slightly alkaline substance)

Alkali, Caustic (Name for hydroxides ?)

Alkali, Common Mineral (Sodium carbonate)

Alkali, Concrete Volatile (Ammonium carbonate)

Alkali, Fossil (Sodium carbonate)

Alkali, Marine (Sodium carbonate) 

Alkali of soda (Sodium Carbonate) (Na2CO3)

Alkali of tartar (Potassium Carbonate) (K2CO3)

Alkali of wine lees (Potassium carbonate) (K2CO3)

Allay (Alloy) 

Allonge (Adopters)

Alterant (Something that changes the state of something else)

Aludels (Multiple head earthenware distilling apparatus)?

Alum  (Usually means potassium aluminum sulfate)

Alum flour (Usually means potassium aluminum sulfate)

Alum meal  (Usually means potassium aluminum sulfate)

Alumen (Aluminum sulphate) (Al2(SO4)3) WEB

Alumen Ustum (Burnt alum) 

Alumina (Aluminum Hydroxide ?) 

Alumina (Aluminum oxide) (AL2O3)

Aluminium (Aluminum) (British spelling)

Aluminize 

Alumino-ferric (Mixture of aluminum and sodium sulfates)

Aluminous 

Aluminum (Element # 13) (Al) 

Aluminum bronze (88.7% Cu + 11.3% Al)

Aluminum bronze (90% Cu + 10% Al) 

Aluminum paste 

Aluminum sulfate 

Alundum (Fused alumina) (Al2O3)

Alunite 

Amalgam (Any mercury alloy)

Amalgam, Dentists' (70% Hg + 30% Cu)

Amber C40H64O4

Ambergris 

Amide 

Amidol (Diaminophenol hydrochloride)

Amine 

Amino

Amino acid 

Ammonia 

Ammonia water (Ammonium hydroxide) 

Ammonium acetate  

Ammonium arseniate (NH4H2AsO4)

Ammonium chloride (NH4Cl) 

Ammonium carbonate (Salt of hartshorn) (NH4)2CO3 

Ammonium hydroxide ( NH4OH ) 

Ammonium monophosphate (NH4H2PO4)

Ammonium nitrate ( NH4NO3 )

Ammonium sulfate ( (NH4)2SO4

Ammonium uranyl acetate 11thHC&P

Amphiboles 

Amyl (A pentyl radical or substituent) WEB

Amyl acetate (Banana Oil) 

Amyl hydrate (Any amyl alcohol) WEB

Amylene (Pentene) (C5H10) WEB 

Anatase (TiO2)

Anhydrite 

Anichlor (Sodium thiosulfate) 

Aniline (Phenyl amine) (C6H5NH2)

Aniline Purple (Mauvein) (C27H24N4) WEB

Aniline salt (Aniline hydrochloride) (C6H5NH2HCl)

Animal alkali (Ammonium carbonate) WEB 

Anodyne (Any medicine that alleviates pain) WEB

Anorthite 

Antichlor (Hydrated Sodium thiosulfate) WEB

Antifebrin (Acetanilide) (C6H5NHCOCH3)

Antifriction metal (75% Sn + 12.5% Sb + 12.5% Cu) 17thHC&P

Antimonal caustic (Antimony Trichloride) (SbCl3)? WEB

Antimony (Sb) 

Antimony black (Antimony trisulfide) (Sb2S3)

Antimony bloom (Antimony trioxide) (Sb2O3

Antimony glance  (Antimony trisulfide) (Sb2S3)

Antimony red (Antimonous oxysulfide) (Sb2S3 + Sb2O4)

Antimony vermillion (Antimonous oxysulfide) (Sb2S3 + Sb2O4

Antimony white (Antimonous oxide) (Sb2O3)

Antimony yellow (Basic lead antimonate) (PbO Sb2O5) 

Antizeumic (Opposed to fermentation) WEB

Apatite (Ca5P3O12(ClF)) 

Apophyllite (K2O8CaO6SiO216H2O)

Aqua (Water)

Aqua fortis (Nitric acid) 

Aqua nivalis (Water from snow)

Aqua pura 

Aqua regia (Nitrohydrochloric acid) 

Aqua Secunda (Diluted nitric acid for cleaning metals) WEB 

Aqua tepida (Warm water)

Aqua Tofani (Arsenious Oxide) (Poisonous)

Aqua Vitae (Water of life) (Spirit of wine) (Ethanol) (Booze) 

Ar (Element # 18) (Argon 

Ardent Spirit (Distilled ethyl alcohol) 

Argillaceous Earth (Clay)

Argol (Crude potassium acid tartrate) (KHC4H4O6)

Argon (Element # 18) (Ar) 

Argyrithrose (Ag3SbS3)

Arnaudon's Green (Plessy's green) 

Arsenic (Element # 33) (As)

Arsenic glass (Arsenious oxide) (As2O3

Arsenic Sulfide (Realgar) 

Arsenious sulfide (As2S3) (King's yellow) 

As (Element # 33) (Arsenic)

As2S3 (Arsenious sulfide) (King's yellow)

Asbestos

Asbestos slate 

Ashes of tin (Stannic Oxide) (SnO2)

Asphalt

Aspirin (CH3COOC6H4COOH) (Acetylsalicylic acid) 

Au 

Aurum (Gold) (Sun)

Aurum Fulminans (Explosive gold compound of some sort) 

Azoimide (Hydrazoic acid)

Azurite (Basic carbon carbonate)

B (Element # 5) (Boron) 

BaCrO4 (Barium chromate) (Lemon chrome)

BaO (Barium oxide) (Baryta)

BaSO4 (Barium sulfate) (Barytes) (Blanc-fixe) 

Babbitt metal (90% Sn + 7% Sb + 3% Cu) 1927HC&P 

Bakelite (Resin from Phenol and formaldehyde) 

Baker's salt (Ammonium carbonate) 

Baking powder

Baking soda (Sodium bicarbonate) (NaHCO3)

Balsam of Peru

Balsam of Tolu 

Banana Oil (Amyl acetate) 

Barilla (Impure soda extracted from soap-wort) (Impure sodium carbonate) WEB

Barite (Barium sulfate)

Barium 

Barium chloride 

Barium chromate (Lemon chrome) (BaCrO4)

Barium oxide (BaO) (Baryta)

Barium sulfate (BaSO4) (Barytes) (Blanc-fixe) 

Barium white (Barium sulfate) (BaSO4) (Blanc-fixe) (Barytes) 

Barysilite (CPbO2SiO2)

Baryta (Barium oxide) (BaO)

Barytes (Barium sulfate) (BaSO4) (Blanc-fixe) (Heavy spar) (Barium white)

Basalt 

Baxuite (Hydrated alumina) (Al2O3 2H2O)

Be (Beryllium element # 4)

Beeswax 

Beet sugar (Sucrose) 

Bell metal (80% Cu + 20% Sn) 

Benitoite (BaOTiO23SiO2)

Bentonite (Impure aluminum silicate)

Benzaldehyde

Benzedrine

Benzene (Gasoline) (Petrol)

Benzene 

Benzidine  

Benzil  ((C6H5CO)2)

Benzoate of soda

Benzocaine

Benzoin 

Benzol (Benzene) (C6H6)

Benzopyrine

Beryl (3BeOAl2O36SiO2)

Beryllium (Element # 4) (Be) 

Bichrome (Potassium dichromate) (K2Cr2O7)

Biotite 

Bismarck brown (Triamino-azobenzine) 1927HC&P

Bismuth 

Bismuth solder (40% Bi + 40% Pb + 20% Sn) 1927 HC&P

Bitter salt (Magnesium sulfate) (MgSO 7H2O)

Bitter salts (Magnesium sulfate) (MgSO7H2O) 

Black ash (Impure sodium carbonate) 

Blank-fixe ( Barium sulfate) (BaSO4) (Barytes) 

Bleaching powder (Calcium hypochlorite) (CaOCl2

Blende (Natural zinc sulfide) (ZnS)

Blue copperas (Copper sulfate) (CuSO45H2O) 

Blue salts (Nickel sulfate) (NiSO47H2O)

Blue stone (Copper sulfate) (CuSO45H2O) 

Blue verditer (Basic copper carbonate)

Blue vitriol (Copper sulfate) (CuSO45H2O)

Bone 

Bone ash (Impure calcium phosphate)

Bone black (Crude animal charcoal) (C)

Bones of Adam 

Booze 

Boracic acid (Boric acid) (H3BO3)

Borax (Sodium tetraborate) (Na2B4O710H2O)

Boraxo 

Boric acid (Boracic acid) (H3BO3

Boron (Element # 5) (B) 

Brake fluid 

Brass 

Braze 

Bremen blue (Basic copper carbonate) 

Brick

Brimstone 

Britannia metal (90% Sn + 10% Sb)

Bronze 

Brucite (MgOH2O)

Burnt alum (Anhydrous potassium aluminum sulphate) (K2Al2(SO4)4

Burnt lime (Calcium oxide) 

Burnt ochre (Ferric oxide) (Fe2O3)

Burnt ore (Ferric oxide) (Fe2O3)

Butter 

Butter of (element) (Refers to the chloride of the element) 

C (Element # 6) (Carbon)

CH3COCH3 (Acetone) 

CH3CO2C2H5 (Acetic ether) 

CH3COOC6H4COOH (Acetylsalicylic acid) (Aspirin)

CH3COOH (Acetic acid) 

CH3C6H5 (Tolulene) 

CH3Cl (Methyl chloride)

CH4 (Methane) 

CO (Carbon monoxide)

COCl2 (Carbonyl chloride) (Phosgene)

CO2 (Carbon dioxide) (Carbonic anhydride) 

C2H2 (Acetylene) 

C2H4 (Ethylene) 

C2H5 (Ethyl) 

C2H5Cl (Ethyl chloride) 

C2H5O (Ethoxyl) 

C2H5OH (Grain alcohol) (Ethyl alcohol) 

C2H6 (Ehtane) 

C2H6O2 (Ethylene glycol) 

C4H6O6  (Tartaric acid) 

C6H5CHO (Benzaldehyde) 

C6H5OH (Carbolic acid) (Phenol) 

C6H6 (Benzene) (Benzol) 

C6H12O6 (Fructose) (Fruit sugar)

C6H12O6H2O (Glucose) (Dextrose)

C7H17NO3 (Acetylcholine) 

C8H8O2 (Toluic acid) 

C9H6O2  (Coumarin) 

C9H9HgNaO2S (Thimerosal)

C9H11NO2 (Benzocaine) 

C10H14O (Thymol) 17thHC&P

C10H16 (Sylvestrene) 1927HC&P

C12H12N2  (Benzidine)

C12H22O11 (Cane sugar) (Sucrose) 

C12H22O11H2O (Lactose) (Milk sugar) 

C13H10N2O4 (Thalidomide)  

C14H10O9 (Tannin) (Tannic acid) 

C17H21O4N (Hyoscine) (Scopaliamine) 1927HC&P

C20H8Br2HgNa2O6  (Merbromin)

C20H12 (Benzopyrine) 

C40H64O4 (Amber, fossil resin) 

C42H84PO9N (Protagon) (Lecithin) 1927HC&P 

Ca (Element # 20) (Calcium)

CaCO3  (Marble) (Calcium carbonate)

CaO (Calcium oxide) (Lime)

CaSO42H2O (Calcium sulfate) (Gypsum) 

Cadmium sulphate 

Cadmium sulfide (CdS) (Cadmium yellow)

Cadmium yellow (CdS) (Cadmium sulfide)

Calamine (Zinc silicate Zn4Si2O7(OH)2H2O and Zinc carbonate ZnCO3)

Calcedony 

Calcite (Mineral calcium carbonate) (CaCO3)

Calcium (Element # 20) (Ca)

Calcium carbonate  (Marble) (CaCO3)

Calcium hydroxide 

Calcium oxide (Lime) (CaO)

Calcium sulfate (CaSO42H2O) (Gypsum) 

Calcspar 

Caliche (Impure sodium nitrate) (NaNO3)

Calomel (Mercurous chloride) (HgCl)

Camphor, arteficial (Pinene hydrochloride) (C10H17Cl)

Cane sugar (Sucrose) (C12H22O11)

Caoutchouc (Natural rubber)

Carbolic acid (Phenol) (C6H5OH) 

Carbon (Element # 6) (C) 

Carbon-11

Carbon-14 

Carbon dioxide 

Carbon monoxide 

Carbon oxychloride (COCl2)

Carbon oxysulphide (COS)

Carbon tetrachloride 

Carbonic Acid  (CO2)??

Carbonic anhydride (Carbon dioxide) (CO2

Carbonyl chloride (Phosgene) (COCl2)

Carborundum (Silicon carbide) (SiC)

Cardboard 

Cast iron

Cast steel 

Caustic (Refers to the hydroxide of a metal)

CdS  

Celluloid 

Cement 

Ceruse (Basic lead carbonate)

Chalcedony 

Chalk (Calcium carbonate) (CaCO3)

Charcoal 

Charcoal, Oak

Charcoal, Pine 

Chili niter (Sodium nitrate) (NaNO3)

Chili saltpeter (Sodium nitrate) (NaNO3)

China clay (Aluminum silicate) 

Chinese red (Basic lead chromate)

Chinese white (Zinc oxide) (ZnO) 

Chloramine T (Sodium p-tolulene-sulfochloramide) 17thHC&P 

Chloride of lime (Calcium chloro-hypochlorite) (CaOCl2

Chloride of soda (Sodium hypochlorite solution) (NaOCl)

Chlorine (Element # 17) (Cl) 

Chromic oxide 

Chrome alum (Potassium chromium sulfate) (K2Cr2(SO4)424H2O) 

Chrome green (Chromium oxide) (Cr2O3

Chrome red (Basic lead chromate) (PbCrO4PbO)

Chrome yellow (Lead chromate) (PbCrO4)

Chromic acid (Chromium trioxide) (CrO3

Chromium (Element # 24) (Cr)

Cinnabar (Mercuric sulfide) (HgS)

Cl (Element # 17) (Chlorine)

Clay 

Co (Element # 27) (Cobalt)

Coal, anthracite

Coal, bituminous 

Cobalt (Element # 27) (Co)

Cobalt-60 (Radioactive isotope with half life of 5.27 years)

Cobalt black (Cobalt oxide) (CoO)

Cobalt green (Cobalt zincate) (CoZnO2)

Cocoa butter 

Coke 

Columbium (Was element #41 in 1925 with symbol Cb) (Now Niobium is #41)

Common salt (Sodium chloride) (NaCl)

Concrete 

Copal 

Copper (Element # 29) (Cu) (Cuprum) (Venus)

Copper sulfate 

Copperas (Ferrous sulfate) (FeSO47H2O)

Cork 

Cork linoleum 

Corn sugar (Glucose) (C6H12O6H2O) 

Corrosive sublimate (Mercuric chloride) (HgCl2

Corundum (Aluminum oxide) (Al2O3)

Coumarin  ( C9H6O2

Cr (Element # 24) (Chromium)

Cream of Tartar (Potassium acid tartrate) (KHC6H4O6)? (KHC4H4O6)?

Creosote 

Cresylic acid (A mixture of three (o, m, & p) cresols) (CH3C6H4OH)

Crystal Ammonia (Ammonium carbonate

Cu (Element # 29) (Copper) (Cuprum) (Venus) 

Cupferron (Nitrophhnylhydroxylamine) 17thHC&P

Cyanogen (C2N2) 11thHC&P

Damascus steel 

Darinatol (Basic bismuth gallate) 

Dekaline (Decahydronapthalene) (C10H18)

Deoxyribonucleic acid 

Derby red (Basic lead chromate) 

Derinatol (Basic bismuth gallate)

Deuterium (Element # 1 with a neutron) (Symbol D)

Dextrose (Glucose) (C6H12O6H2O)

Diammonium Carbonate (Ammonium carbonate)

Diammonium Salt (Ammonium carbonate

Diameter 

Diamond

DNA 

Dolamite 

Dutch liquid (Ethylene chloride) ((CH2CL)2

Eau-de-Javelle (Potassium hypochlorite solution) (KOCl)

Eau-de-Labarraque (Sodium hypochlorite solution) (NaOCl)

Ebonite 

Electrum 

Emerald green (Copper aceto-arsenite) 

Emery 

Emery powder (Impure aluminum oxide) (Al2O3)

Epidote 

Epsom salts (Magnesium sulfate) (MgSO47H2O) 

Essence of bitter almonds (Benzaldehyde) (C6H5CHO)

Essence of mirbane (Nitrobenzene) (C6H5NO2)

Ethyl acetate 

Ethyl alcohol 

Everitt's salt (Potassium ferrous ferrocyanide) (K2Fe2(CN)6

F (Fluorine) (Element # 9) 

Fe (Iron) (Element # 26)  (Ferrum) (Mars)

Fe2O3 

Feldspar (Potassium aluminum silicate)

Ferro prussiate (Potassium ferrocyanide) (K4Fe(CN)6) (17th HC&P)

Ferrum (Iron) (Mars) 

Fiberglas 

Fixed white (Barium Sulfate) (BaSO4)

Flint (Agate) (SiO2)

Flowers of (metal) is a synonym for the oxide

Flowers of sulfur (Sulfur) (S)

Fluorine (Element # 9) (F)

Fluorite (Fluorspar) (Calcium fluoride) (CaF2)

Fluorspar (Calcium fluoride) (CaF2) (Fluorite) 

Formalin (40% solution of formaldehyde in water) (HCHO)

Formin (Hexamethylene tetramine) ((CH2)6N4

Freezing salt (Crude sodium chloride)(NaCl) 

French chalk (Hydrated silicate of magnesia) (Mg3Si4O11H2O) 

French verdigris (Basic copper acetate)

Fructose (Levulose) (C6H12O6) (Fruit sugar) 

Fruit sugar (Fructose) (C6H12O6) (Levulose) 

Fuller's earth (Hydrated magnesium and aluminum silicates) 

Fulminating mercury (Mercury fulminate) (Hg(ONC)2

Fusel oil (Mixed amyl alcohols) (C5H11OH)

Ga (Element # 31) (Gallium)

Galena (PbS) (Natural lead sulfide)

Gallium (Element # 31) (Ga) 

Gamboge 

Garnet 

Gas carbon 

Gasoline (Benzine or Petrol)

Ge (Element # 32) (Germanium)

Gelatin 

Germanium (Element # 32) (Ge)

Glass 

Glass (Flint)

Glass (Pyrex) 

Glauber's salt (Sodium sulfate) (Na2SO410H2O)

Glucose (Dextrose)

Glue 

Glycerin (Glycerol)

Glycerol (Glycerin) 

Gold (Sun) (Aurum) 

Gold foil 

Graphite (Plumbago) 

Grain alcohol (Ethyl alcohol) (C2H5OH)

Granite 

Grape sugar (Glucose) 

Graphite 

Great Stuff (Chemical product that expands to fill holes)

Green verditer (Basic copper carbonate)

Green vitriol (Ferrous sulfate) (FeSO47H2O)

Gum acacia 

Gum arabic 

Gum benjamin

Gum benzion 

Gutta percha 

Gypsum (Calcium sulfate) (CaSO42H2O)

 (Hydrogen element # 1)

H2 

H20   

HCl 

HNO2 

HNO3 

H2SO4  

Halite (Rock salt) (NaCl)

Hartshorn salt (Ammonium carbonate carbamate) (NH4HCO3NH4CO2NH2) 

HDL (High Density Lipoproteins) (The so-called "good cholesterol")

He (Helium) (Element # 2)

Heavy spar (Barium sulfate) (BaSO4) (Blanc-fixe) (Barytes) 

Helium (Element # 2) 

Hematite 

Hemimorphite (Zn4Si2O7(OH)2H2O) (See calamine

Heptane ( CH3(CH2)5CH3

Hexamine (Hexamethylene tetramine)

High Density Lipoproteins (HDL) (The so-called "good cholesterol")

Hornblende 

Horn silver (Silver chloride) (AgCl)

Hydrargyrum (Quicksilver) (Mercury) 

Hydrochloric acid 

Hydrogen (Element # 1)

Hydrogen peroxide 

Hydrosulfite (Sodium sulfite formaldehyde)

Hyoscine (C17H21O4N) (Scopaliamine) 1927HC&P

Hypo (Sodium thiosulfate) (Na2S2O35H2O)

Ice 

Indian red (Ferric oxide) (Fe2O3)

Invar (64% Fe + 36% Ni) 17thHC&P

Iodine 

Iron (Element # 26) (Fe) (Ferrum) (Mars) 

Iron black (precipitated antimony) (Sb) 

Iron mordent (Ferric sulfate) (Fe2(SO4)3)

Iron ore 

Iron oxide 

Ivory 

Jupiter (Heavenly body used to represent tin or stannum) 

K (Element # 19) (Potassium)

Kainit (Double salt of potassium magnesium sulfate and magnesium chloride) 

Kaolin (Aluminum silicate)

Kieselguhr (Siliceous earth) (SiO2)

Kieserite (Mineral magnesium sulfate) (MgSO4)

KHC2O4 (Potassium hydrogen oxalate) 

King's yellow (Arsenious sulfide) (As2S3)

KSbOC4H4O61/2H2O  (Tatrar emetic)

Lampblack (Impure carbon) (Soot) (Carbon) (C)

Lanolin (Cholestrol) (C27H46O)

Laughing gas (Nitrous oxide) (N2O)

LDL (Low Density Lipoproteins) (The so-called "bad cholesterol")

Lead (Plumbum) (Saturn)

Lead acetate ( Pb(C2H3O2)23H2O ) 

Lead arsenate ( Pb3(AsO4)2

Lead carbonate ( PbCO3 )

Lead chromate ( PbCrO4

Lead monoxide (Litharge) (PbO)

Leather 

Lecithin (Protagon) (C42H84PO9N) 1927HC&P

Lemon chrome (Barium chromate) (BaCrO4

Levulose (Fructose) (C6H12O6)

Li (Lithium) (Element # 3)

Lignite (Lower quality coal, often brownish in color)

Ligroin

Lime (Calcium oxide) (CaO)

Lime, Slaked

Limestone 

Linoleum 

Lipowitz' alloy (50% Bi + 27% Pb + 13% Sn + 10% Cd) 

Liquid Paper

Lisinopril (High blood pressure medicine) (PDF)

Litharge (Lead monoxide) (PbO) 

Lithium (Element # 3) (Li)

Lithopone (Zinc sulfide + barium sulfate) (ZnS + BaSO4

Liver of sulfur (Mixed potassium sulfides)

Lodestone 

Low Density Lipoproteins (LDL) (The so-called "bad cholesterol")

Luna (Term used for the Moon or silver or argentum) 

Lunar caustic (Silver nitrate) (AgNO3

Lysol (Cresol soap solution) 

Magnalium (90% Al + 10% Mg) or (70% Al + 30% Mg)

Magnesia (Magnesium oxide) (MgO) 

Magnesite (Magnesium carbonate) (MgCO3)

Magnesium (Element # 12) (Mg)

Magnesium oxide (Magnesia) (MgO) 

Magnesium sulfate (Bitter salts or Epsom salts)

Magnetite 

Malachite (Basic copper carbonate) (CuSO3Cu(OH)2)

Maleic acid 

Malichite 

Maltose (Malt sugar) C12H22O11 + H2O) 

Manganese (Element # 25) (Mn) 

Manganese black (Manganese dioxide) (Pyrolucite) (MnO2)

Manganese dioxide (Pyrolucite) (MnO2)

Marble (Calcium carbonate) (CaCO3)

Mars (Heavenly body used to represent iron or ferrum) 

Marsh gas (Methane) (CH4

Massicot (Lead monoxide) (PbO)

Masurium (1925 name for element # 43 w/ symbol Ma) (Technetium Tc is now #43)

Meerschaum 

Merbromin 

Mercurochrome 

Metol (Monomethylparaaminometacresol sulfate or chloride) ((C6H3(OH)CH3NHCH3)2H2SO4)

Mercury 

Mercury (Planet that referred to quicksilver or hydrargyrum)

Methane (CH4) (Marsh gas)

Merthiolate 

Methane 

Mg (Element # 12) (Magnesium)

MgO (Magnesium oxide) (Magnesia) 

MgSO47H2O (Magnesium sulfate) (Epsom salts)

Mica 

Microcosmic salt (Sodium ammonium hydrogen phosphate) (Na(NH4)HPO4 4H2O)

Milk 

Milk of barium (Barium hydroxide) (Ba(OH)2 8H2O) perhaps (Ba(OH)2)

Milk of lime (Calcium hydroxide) (Ca(OH)2)

Milk of magnesia 

Milk of magnesium (Magnesium hydroxide) (Mg(OH)2

Milk of sulfur (Precipitated sulfur) (S) 

Milk sugar (Lactose) (C12H22O11H2O) 

Minium (Lead tetroxide)  (Pb3O4

Mn (Element # 25) (Manganese)

MnO2 ( Manganese dioxide) (Pyrolucite)

Mohr's salt (Ferrous ammonium sulfate) 

Molasses 

Molebdenite (Molebdenum disulfide) (MoS2)

Monel metal (60% Ni + 33% Cu + 6.5% Fe + 0.5%?) 1927HC&P

Moon (Heavenly body used to represent silver or agrentum)

Muriate of (metal) is synonymous with the chloride of the medal

Muriatic acid (Hydrochloric acid) (HCl)

Muscovite

 

N (Element # 7) (Nitrogen)

(NH4)2CO3 (Ammonium carbonate)

N2  

N20 (Nitrous oxide) (Laughing gas)

Na (Element # 11) (Sodium) 

Na2SO410H2O (Sodium sulfate) (Glauber's salt) 

Na2S2O35H2O (Sodium thiosulfate) (Hypo)

Na3SbS49H2O (Schlippe's salt) (Sodium sulfantimonate) 

Naptha, Petroleum (A petroleum distillate)

Naptha, solvent (A coal tar distillate)

Natron (Sodium carbonate)

Ne (Element # 10) (Neon)

Neon (Element # 10) (Ne) 

Ni (Element # 28) (Nickel) 

Nichrome wire (75% Ni +12% Fe + 11% Cr + 2% Mn) 17thHC&P

Nickel (Element # 28) (Ni)

Nicotine 

Niter (Potassium nitrate) (KNO3)

Nitric acid 

Nitric oxide 

Nitro lime (Calcium cyanamide) (CaNCN

Nitrocellulose 

Nitrochloroform 

Nitrogen (Element # 7) (N) 

Nitrohydrochloric acid 

Nitrous 

Nitrous acid 

Nitrous ether (Ethyl nitrate) (C2H5ONO)

Nitrous Oxide 

NO 

N2O 

Nog 

Nordhausen acid (Fuming sulfuric acid)

O (Element # 8) (Oxygen)

O2 

O3 

Oak 

Oakum 

Ochre 

Oil of almond, artificial (Benzaldehyde)

Oil of bitter almond (Benzaldehyde)

Oil of garlic (Allyl sulfide)   ((C5H5)2S)

Oil of mirbane (Nitrobenzine) (C6H5NO2)

Oil of mustard, artificial (Allyl isothiocyanate) (C3H5NCS)

Oil of pears (Amyl acetate) (CH3CO2C5H11)

Oil of pineapple (Ethyl butyrate) (C3H7CO2C2H5) 

Oil of turpentine (Refined turpentine)

Oil of vitriol (Concentrated sulfuric acid) (Sulfuric acid) (H2SO4)

Oil of wintergreen, artificial (Methyl salicylate)

Oleum (Fuming sulfuric acid) (H2SO4 + SO3

Olifiant gas (Ethylene) (C2H4) 

Oolite or oolith 

Orpiment (Arsenic trisulfide) (As2S3)

Orthoclase 

Ozone 

Oxygen (Element # 8) (O)

P (Element # 15) (Phosphorus) 

Paper 

Paraffin 

Paris blue (Ferric ferrocyanide) 

Paris green (Copper aceto-arsenite)

Parchment

Pb 

Pb(C2H3O2)23H2O  (Lead acetate) 

Pb3(AsO4)2 (Lead arsenate)

PbCO3  (Lead carbonate) 

PbCrO4 (Lead chromate) 

Pb3O (Lead tetroxide)  (Minium) 

Pearl ash (Potassium carbonate) (K2CO3)

Peat 

Permanent white (Barium sulfate) (BaSO4

Permutit (Artificial hydrated aluminum silicate with replaceable sodium) 

Petroleum ether (Benzine) 

Phenic acid (Phenol) (C6H5OH)

Phenol (Carbolic acid) (C6H5OH) 

Phosphorus (Element # 15) (P)

Phosgene (Carbonyl chloride) (COCl2

Phosphate rock (Calcium phosphate)

Picra 

Picric acid (Trinitrophenol) (C6H2(NO2)3OH)

Pitch 

Pitchblende

Plaster of Paris (Calcium sulfate) 

Plastic

Platinum 

Plumbago (Graphite) 

Plumbum (Lead)

Polycarbonate 

Porcelain 

Porphyrl 

Potash 

Potash feldspar

Potash muriate 

Potassium (Element # 19) (K)

Potassium bitartrate ( KHC4H4O6  )

Potassium bromide ( KBr )

Potassium carbonate (K2CO3) (Pearl ash) 

Potassium chlorate 

Potassium chloride

Potassium cyanide 

Potassium dichromate 

Potassium hydrogen oxalate (KHC2O4)

Potassium hydroxide (KOH)

Potassium iodide 

Potassium muriate 

Potassium nitrate 

Potassium permanganate 

Potassium sulfate 

Precipitated chalk (Calcium carbonate) 

Pressed wood pulp board 

Propane 

Protagon (C42H84PO9N) (Lecithin) 1927HC&P

Prussian blue (Ferric ferrocyanide) Fe4(Fe(CN)6)3

Prussic acid (Hydrocyanic acid) (HCN) 

Pt 

Putty

Putty powder (Impure stannic oxide) (SnO2)

Pyrex glass 

Pyrites (Ferrous sulfide)(FeS2) 

Pyroligneous acid (Crude acetic acid) (CH3CO2H) 

Pyroligneous spirit (Methyl alcohol) (CH3OH)

Pyrolucite ( Manganese dioxide) (MnO2)

Quartz 

Quick lime (Calcium oxide) (CaO)

Quicksilver (Mercury) (Hydrargyrum) 

Quinol (Hydroquinone) (C6H4(OH)2)

Realgar (Arsenic Sulfide) (As2S2

Rectified spirit (90 to 95 % Alcohol) (C2H5OH)

Red antimony (Antimony oxysulfide)

Red lead (Lead tetroxide) (Pb3O4) 

Red liquor (Aluminum acetate solution) (Al(C2H3O2)3

Red precipitate (Oxide of mercury) (HgO)

Red prussiate of potash (Postaaium ferricyanide)  (K3Fe(CN)6)

Red Rice Yeast 

Resin 

Rhine metal (97% Sn + 3% Cu) 1927HC&P

Ricin 

Rochelle salt (Potassium sodium tartrate) 

Rock salt 

Rose metal (50% Bi + 27.1% Pb + 22.9% Sn) 1927HC&P

Rouge (Ferric oxide) (Rust) (Fe2O3) (Cosmetic)

Royal water 

Rubber, hard

Rubber, soft 

Ruby (Red or pink transparent corundum)

Rust 

Rutile (TiO2)

S (Element # 16) (Sulfur)

SO2 

Saccharin (Benzoic sulfimide)

Sal acetosella (Potassium hydrogen oxalate)

Sal ammoniac (Ammonium chloride) (NH4Cl)

Sal commune (NaCl) 

Sal soda (Sodium carbonate) 

Salol (Phenyl salicylate) 

Salt (NaCl)

Salt cake (Impure sodium sulfate)

Salt of Alembroth 

Salt of amber (Succinic acid)((CH2CO2H)2)

Salt of hartshorn (Ammonium carbonate) (NH4Cl)

Salt of lemon (Sorrel salt) 

Salt of sorrel (Potassium acid oxalate)

Salt of tartar (Potassium carbonate)

Salt of tin (Tin(II)chloride) or (SnCl2

Salt of wormwood (Potassium carbonate) 

Salt peter (Potassium nitrate) 

Saltpeter 

Salvarsan 

Sapphire (Blue or any color but pink or red corundum)

Satin white (Calcium sulfate)

Saturn (Heavenly body used to represent lead or plumbum) 

Sc (Element # 21) (Scandium)

Scandium (Element # 21) (Sc)

Scheele's green (An acedic copper(II) arsenite) ( CuHAsO3) (Copper hydrogen arsenite)

Schlippe's salt (Sodium sulfantimonate) (Na3SbS49H2O) 

Scopaliamine (Hyoscine) (C17H21O4N)

Si (Element # 14) (Silicon)

SiO2 (Silicon dioxide) (Siliceous earth) (Silica)

Silica (Silicon dioxide) (SiO2)

Siliceous earth (Silicon dioxide) (SiO2)

Silicon (Element # 14) (Si)

Silicon dioxide (Siliceous earth) (SiO2)

Silver (Argentum) (Moon) (Luna)

Silver nitrate  (Lunar caustic) (AgNO3

Silver phosphate (Ag2HPO4)

Silver solder 

Slaked lime (Calcium hydroxide) (Ca(OH)2)

Smithsonite (Zinc carbonate) (ZnCO3

Sn

Soda (sodium carbonate) 

Soda, washing (Sodium carbonate) 

Soda crystals (Sodium carbonate) 

Soda lime (Mixture of calcium oxide and sodium hydroxide) (CaO + NaOH)

Sodium (Element # 11) (Na)

Sodium Hydroxide 

Sodium hyposulfite (Sodium thiosulfate) (Hypo)

Sodium sulfantimonate (Schlippe's salt) (Na3SbS49H2O) 

Sodium thiosulfate (Na2S2O35H2O) (Hypo) (Sodium hyposulfite) 

Soft soap (Potash soap) 

Solder 

Solder, silver

Sorrel salt 

Soluble glass (Sodium silicate) (Na2SiO3 + H2O)

Soluble tartar (Potassium tartrate) 

Spinel (Magnesium aluminate)

Spirit of hartshorn (Ammonia soultion) (NH4OH) 

Spirit of salt (HCl)

Spirit of wine (Ethyl alcohol) (C2H5OH) 

Stainless steel 

Stannane (Tin hydride) 

Stannum (Tin) (Jupiter) 

Stassfurtite (Magnesium borate and chloride double salt)

Steel (99% Fe + 1% C)

Steel, Cold rolled 

Steel, Hot rolled

Steel, Stainless 

Sterling silver 

Sucrose (Cane sugar)  (C12H22O11

Sugar

Sugar of lead (Lead acetate) 

Sugar of milk (Lactose)

Sugar of ether (Diethyl ether)

Sulfate of Iron (Green Vitriol

Sulfur  (Element # 16) (S)

Sulfur dioxide 

Sulfuric acid 

Sulfuric ether (Diethyl ether) ((C2H5)2O)

Sulphate of Iron (Green Vitriol

Sun (Old term that meant gold or aurum) 

Superphosphate (Impure calcium acid phosphate)

Sylvestrene (C10H16

Sylvine (Potassium chloride) (KCl)

Sylvinite (Sylvine with rock salt)

Table salt (NaCl) 

Talc (Hydrated magnesium silicate)

Tannin (Tannic acid) (C14H10O9)

Tannic acid (Tannin) (C14H10O9)

Tartar (Crude potassium bitartrate) (KHC4H4O6)

Tartar emetic 

Tartar sauce 

Tartaric acid 

Tartrate 

Tetralin (Tetrahydronapthalene) (C10H12)

Thalidomide 

Thymol (C10H14O) 

Ti (Element # 22) (Titanium)

Tin (Stannum) (Jupiter)

Tin crystals (Stannous chloride) (SnCl2

Tin white (Stannic hydroxide) (Sn(OH)4)

Tincture of iodine 

Titanium (Element # 22) (Ti)

Thimerosal 

TNT (Trinitro toluene) 

Toluic acid (C8H8O2

Tolulene (CH3C6H5

Toluol (Toluene) (C6H6CH3)

Tritium 

Trona (Natural sodium carbonate)

Tropaic acid (C6H5CH(COOH) 1927HC&P

Tropine (C8H15ON) 1927HC&P)

Turnbull's blue (Ferrous ferricyanide)

Turpentine 

Twice 

Type metal (82% Pb + 15% Sb + 3% Sn)

Ultramarine yellow (Barium chromate) (BaCrO4)

Unslaked lime (Calcium oxide) (CaO)

Uranium 

Urea ((NH2)2CO)

V (Element # 23) (Vanadium)

Vanadium (Element # 23) (V) 

Vanillin (Methyl ether of protoca-techualdehyde)

Venetian red (Ferric oxide) (Fe2O3)

Venus (Planet used to represent copper or cuprum) 

Verdigris (Basic copper acetate) 

Vermilion (Red mercuric sulfide) (HgS) 

Vitriol (Sulfuric acid) (H2SO4) 

Vitriol blue (Copper sulfate (ic))

Vitrolate of (metal) is synonymous with the sulfate of the metal)

Washing soda (Sodium carbonate)

Water  

Water glass (Sodium tetrasilicate) (Sodium silicates dissolved in water) 

White acid (Hydrofluoric acid and ammonium fluoride) (H2F2 + NH4F) 

White arsenic (Arsenous oxide) (As2O3)

White lead (Basic lead carbonate) (2PbCO3 + Pb(OH))

White vitriol (Zinc sulfate) (ZnSO47H2O)

Whiting (Calcium carbonate) (CaCO3

Willemite (Zinc orthosilicate) 

Witherite (Barium carbonate) (BaCO3)

Wood

Wood alcohol (Methyl alcohol) (CH3OH) 

Wood naphtha  (Methyl alcohol) (CH3OH) 

Wood spirit  (Methyl alcohol) (CH3OH) 

Wood's metal (50% Bi + 25% Pb + 12.5% Sn + 12.5% Cd) 

Wulfenite (Lead molybdate) (PbOMoO3)

Wurzite (Zinc sulfide alpha)

Xanotime (Y2O3P2O5)

Xylene (Xylol) (C6H4(CH3)2)

Xylol (Xylene) (C6H4(CH3)2)

Yellow prussiate of potash (Potassium ferrocyanide) 

Ytterbia (Ytterbium oxide)

Yttria (Yttrium oxide)

Z

Zaratite (Basic Nickel carbonate)

Zinc (Element # 30) (Zn) 

Zinc blende (Mineral zinc sulfide) (ZnS)

Zinc oxide (Zinc white) (ZnO)

Zinc silicate  (Zn4Si2O7(OH)2H2O) (Hemimorphite) (See calamine

Zinc sulfate (Zinc vitriol) (ZnSO47H2O)

Zinc vitriol (Zinc sulfate) (ZnSO47H2O)

Zinc white (Zinc oxide) (ZnO)

Zincblende (ZnS) 

Zincite (ZnO)

Zinkosite (Zinc sulfate) 

Zircon (ZrSiO4) or (ZrO2SiO2)

Zirconia (Zirconium oxide,di-)

Zirconic acid (Zirconium hydroxide) 

Zn (Element # 30) (Zinc)

ZnO (Zinc white) (Zinc oxide)

Zn4Si2O7(OH)2H2O (Hemimorphite) (See calamine)